Philosophy Primary Sources II

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This post will serve as Part II of Philosophy Primary Sources and a supplement to Primary Sources & Encyclopedias. There are certain books that are essential to an education about the human condition of which I believe should be available for free and with easy access to everybody. Each book on this list is in PDF format. I have organized them by the last name of the author.


A Study of Dōgen by Masao Abe

Aeschylus: Agamemnon, The Libation-Bearers, Eumenides, Fragments

The Oresteia of Aeschylus

Deliverance from Error by Al-Ghazali

The Incoherence of the Philosophers by Al-Ghazali

The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri

On the Reproduction of Capitalism by Louis Althusser

The Summa Theologica by Thomas Aquinas

The Life of the Mind by Hannah Arendt

The Human Condition by Hannah Arendt

The Essays of Francis Bacon

The New Organon by Francis Bacon

Selected Writings of Jean Baudrillard

The Second Sex by Simone de Beauvoir

The Ethics of Ambiguity by Simone de Beauvoir

An Introduction to The Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremy Bentham

Matter and Memory by Henri Bergson

An Introduction to Metaphysics by Henri Bergson

The Grounds for and Excellence of the Corpuscular or Mechanical Philosophy by Robert Boyle

I and Thou by Martin Buber

The Teaching of Buddha

Institutes of the Christian Religion by John Calvin

The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays by Albert Camus

The Rebel by Albert Camus

Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes

Language and Mind by Noam Chomsky

Understanding Power: The Indispensable Chomsky

The Analects of Confucius

On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (Dedication) by Nicolaus Copernicus

On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection by Charles Darwin

Nietzsche and Philosophy by Gilles Deleuze

What is Philosophy? by Gilles Deleuze & Félix Guattari

Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism & Schizophrenia by Gilles Deleuze & Félix Guattari

Speech and Phenomena & Other Essays by Jacques Derrida

Dissemination by Jacques Derrida

The Vedas compiled by the Dharmic Scriptures Team

The Principles of Quantum Mechanics by Paul Dirac

On Divine Names & Mystical Theology by Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite

The Shōbōgenzō: Volume I by Eihei Dōgen

The Shōbōgenzō: Volume II by Eihei Dōgen

The Shōbōgenzō: Volume III by Eihei Dōgen

The Shōbōgenzō: Volume IV by Eihei Dōgen

Dōgen’s Extensive Record: A Translation of the Eihei Kōroku

Notes from the Underground by Fyodor Dostoevsky

The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoevsky

Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky

Relativity: The Special and General Theory by Albert Einstein

In Praise of Folly by Desiderius Erasmus

Euripides: Ion, Hippolytus, Medea, & Alcestis

The Tibetan Book of the Dead edited by W. Y. Evans-Wentz

The Vocation of Man by Johann Gottlieb Fichte

The Science of Knowledge by Johann Gottlieb Fichte

The Archaeology of Knowledge & The Discourse on Language by Michel Foucault

Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison by Michel Foucault

The History of Sexuality by Michel Foucault

Madness and Civilization by Michel Foucault

Man’s Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl

The Complete Works of Sigmund Freud

The Assayer by Galileo Galilei

Dialogues Concerning the Two Chief World Systems by Galileo Galilei

Selected Writings of Mahatma Gandhi

Christian Apologetics by Norman Geisler

Philosophy of Religion by Norman Geisler

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire: Volume I by Edward Gibbon

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire: Volume II by Edward Gibbon

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire: Volume III by Edward Gibbon

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire: Volume IV by Edward Gibbon

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire: Volume V by Edward Gibbon

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire: Volume VI by Edward Gibbon

Faust by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Physics and Philosophy: The Revolution in Modern Science by Werner Heisenberg

The Theory of Communicative Action by Jürgen Habermas

Between Facts and Norms by Jürgen Habermas

A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking

The Iliad of Homer

The Odyssey of Homer

The Guide for the Perplexed by Moses Maimonides

The Grand Design by Stephen Hawking & Leonard Mlodinow

Being and Time by Martin Heidegger

The Question Concerning Technology & Other Essays by Martin Heidegger

What is Metaphysics? by Martin Heidegger

The Principia Discordia by Greg Hill and Kerry Wendell Thornley

Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes

Dialectic of Enlightenment by Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno

Logical Investigations by Edmund Husserl

The Perennial Philosophy by Aldous Huxley

Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

Treatise on Light by Christiaan Huygens

On the Harmony of Religion and Philosophy by Ibn Rusd (Averroes)

The Incoherence of the Incoherence by Ibn Rushd (Averroes)

The Principles of Psychology: Volume I by William James

The Principles of Psychology: Volume II by William James

Reason and Existenz by Karl Jaspers

The Complete Stories of Franz Kafka

The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money by John Maynard Keynes

Fear and Trembling by Søren Kierkegaard

The Sickness Unto Death by Søren Kierkegaard

Philosophical Fragments by Søren Kierkegaard

Last Writings: Nothingness and the Religious Worldview by Nishida Kitarō

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions by Thomas Kuhn

The Copernican Revolution by Thomas Kuhn

Écrits by Jacques Lacan

Structural Anthropology by Claude Lévi-Strauss

The Savage Mind by Claude Lévi-Strauss

The Levinas Reader edited by Sáun Hand

The Postmodern Condition by Jean-François Lyotard

The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli

Capital: Critique of Political Economy, Volume I by Karl Marx

Capital: Critique of Political Economy, Volume II by Karl Marx

Capital: Critique of Political Economy, Volume III by Karl Marx

Areopagitica by John Milton

Paradise Lost by John Milton

Essays of Michel de Montaigne

The Spirit of Laws by Montesquieu

The Mūlamadhyamakakārikā of Nāgārjuna

The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy by Sir Isaac Newton

On the Genealogy of Morals by Friedrich Nietzsche

On Buddhism by Keiji Nishitani

The Self-Overcoming of Nihilism by Keiji Nishitani

Philosophical Explanations by Robert Nozick

Man Has No Nature by José Ortega y Gasset

1984 by George Orwell

Animal Farm by George Orwell

The Age of Reason by Thomas Paine

The Upanishads translated by Swami Paramananda

Pensées by Blaise Pascal

Science and Hypothesis by Henri Poincaré

In Search of Lost Time by Marcel Proust

The Virtue of Selfishness by Ayn Rand

Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand

The Fountainhead by Ayn Rand

A Theory of Justice by John Rawls

Letters to a Young Poet by Rainer Maria Rilke

The Notes of Malte Laurids Brigge by Rainer Maria Rilke

Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity by Richard Rorty

Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature by Richard Rorty

The Confessions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Émile, or Concerning Education by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

The Origin of Inequality by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

The History of Western Philosophy by Bertrand Russell

Being and Nothingness by Jean-Paul Sartre

Existentialism is a Humanism by Jean-Paul Sartre

The World as Will and Representation – Vol. 1 by Arthur Schopenhauer

The World as Will and Representation – Vol. 2 by Arthur Schopenhauer

The Basis of Morality by Arthur Schopenhauer

My View of the World (Excerpt) by Erwin Schrödinger

What is Life? by Erwin Schrödinger

Mind and Matter by Erwin Schrödinger

The Complete Works of William Shakespeare

Athens and Jerusalem by Lev Shestov

The Physics of the Healing by Ibn Sīnā (Avicenna)

The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith

Forgotten Truth by Huston Smith

The Ego and His Own by Max Stirner

An Introduction to Zen Buddhism by D.T. Suzuki

The Bhagavad Gita translated by Shri Purohit Swami

Walden by Henry David Thoreau

Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau

The Courage to Be by Paul Tillich

The Eternal Now by Paul Tillich

The New Being by Paul Tillich

War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy

Writings of Leon Trotsky

Weak Thought edited by Gianni Vattimo and Pier Aldo Rovatti

The Theory of the Leisure Class by Thorstein Veblen

Candide by Voltaire

The Wisdom of Insecurity by Alan Watts

The Way of Zen by Alan Watts

The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism by Max Weber

Philosophical Investigations by Ludwig Wittgenstein

Existential Psychotherapy by Irvin D. Yalom


Check out Primary Sources & Encyclopedias for more sources of primary texts and general information.

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